BISMILLAHIR RAHMANIR RAHEEM
Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil-Alamin! All praises are due to Allah, peace, and blessings on His Messenger, his household and companions, Amin.
Respected one! It is not a new fact that; “necessity is the mother of invention”. As in the case of Salat, the necessities lies in the field of conditions that must be met in order that the Salat of a person is acceptable. These conditions of Salat are:
1.Islam (Kalimatul-Shahada or confession of faith): This is the first condition governing Salat. Which means, one can only offer his Salat or to admit that his Salat is accepted only when the person has accepted Islam. The person must have uttered from the mouth and believe in the heart the Monotheism of Allah and the Messenger-ship of Prophet Muhammadﷺ; or simply put: “there is none Who deserves to be worshiped except Allah and Muhammad ﷺ is the Messenger of Allah. In other words, the Salat of a Non-Muslim is considered a play and lost.
2.Sense: The second condition of Salat is Sense (Al-aql). That is to say: the Salat of a child and a mad person is not considered Salat. According to the scholars of Fiqhu (such as Imam Malik, Imam al-Shafi’e). Among the reasons why the Salat of a child and mad person is considered naught includes; the mad person and child are unable to differentiate between the Farilla (Compulsory) and Sunna (Prophetic traditions), Fatiha and Suura, Qabli from Ba’adi, the Qibla (East Direction) from other directions(North, South, and West), the time of purity and impurity, and in fact the mad and the child can’t even purify themselves completely from dirt of different kinds, their Salat is therefore not meeting the standards set by Allah and His Messengerﷺ
3.The sense of differentiation: The next condition governing or guiding the authenticity of Salat is the ability of a person to differentiate between things in life, such as urine, mud, feces and many more that affect the purity and impurity of our body, clothes and our places of worship.
4.Purity: Which includes purity of body, purity of garment and purity of place where Salat (Prayers) is to be offered. The body should be rid of Hadath, i.e. things that spoil the Ablution.
5.Time: Salat is not to be offered in our own convenience but on specific and stipulated hours and durations. It is therefore very important to consider time in performing our Salat. As in the words of the Noble Qur’an: